Dexter, D.D., & Hughes, C.A. (2011) Graphic organizers and students with learning disabilities: A meta-analysis. Learning Disability Quarterly, 34, 51-72.
Topic: Content Enhancement
Summary: This meta-analysis of 16 articles showed that the use of graphic organizers was associated with increases in student learning on a variety of measures. Note: This meta-analysis did not include studies related to Content Enhancement Routines because their effects could not be attributed solely to use of a graphic organizer.