Crank, J.N., Schumaker, J.B., & Deshler, D.D. (1990). A self-instructional surface-counseling program: Development and validation. Learning Disabilities, 1(3), 102-112.
Topic: Professional Development
Summary: A multiple-baseline across-teachers design was employed, as well as pre-post observations, to study the effects of a self-instructional program on the surface-counseling skills (relationship building and problem-solving skills) of teachers who instruct students with learning disabilities.