Hock, M.F., Brasseur, I.F., Deshler, D.D., Catts, H.W., Marquis, J.G., Mark, C.A., & Stribling, J.W. (2009). What is the reading component profile of adolescent struggling readers in urban schools? Learning Disability Quarterly, 32, 21-38.
Topic: Adolescent Literacy
Summary: This article reports the results of a study that found 61 percent of adolescent struggling readers had significant deficits in word level, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension components of reading.