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The Institute for Content Area Learning and Teaching (I-CALT)

Director:  Janis Bulgren

I-CALT provides research on and development of instructional practices that enhance student learning and higher order reasoning abilities in content area classes.


Students with learning disabilities are an important focus of I-CALT research.  In addition, performance data are often collected on students at risk for school failure, as well as students who are average achieving and high achieving.  This is in response to understandings that content area teachers will adopt new instructional procedures only if they help all students to engage and learn.

Instructional Procedures

The I-CALT routines are used by content area teachers across different content areas and disciplines, utilize instruction that comprises common procedures, graphic organizers, embedded cognitive strategies, and supports for written responses. These procedures are used across Content Enhancement Routines.


Rigorous research methodology provides a basis for the development of instructional procedures and rationales for the adoption of routines.  

Response to Standards

Research is guided by state and national standards. Among targeted goals in standards are those associated with higher order thinking and reasoning, in addition to foundational knowledge and comprehension across content areas.






Professional Development

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The Lawrence school district is to use our Blended Instructional model for their professional development this summer. We are so excited to be partnering with them and collecting more data on the benefits of personalization.

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